Resources: Prevention

WHO Guideline on starting ART and PrEP

The World Health Organisation has issued an early-release guideline making available two key recommendations that were developed during the revision process of the consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection due to be published in 2016. These are:

  1. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be initiated in everyone living with HIV at any CD4 cell count.
  2. The use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.


Download PDF: WHO-Guidelines-on-ARV-initiation-and-PrEP.pdf

Prevention of violence against women: lessons from practice

The fourth in the Lancet Special series on violence against women and girls, this paper describes programming to prevent violence against women and girls, and emphasises the importance of systematic, sustained programming across the social ecology (ie, the delicate equilibrium of interacting social, institutional, cultural, and political contexts of people’s lives) to transform gender-power inequalities. Effective prevention policy and programming is founded on five core principles: first, analysis and actions to prevent violence across the social ecology (individual, interpersonal, community, and societal); second, intervention designs based on an intersectional gender-power analysis; third, theory-informed models developed on the basis of evidence; fourth, sustained investment in multisector interventions; and finally, aspirational programming that promotes personal and collective thought, and enables activism on women’s and girls’ rights to violence-free lives. Prevention programming of the future will depend on all of us having a vision of, and a commitment to, gender equality to make violence-free lives for women and girls a reality.

Download PDF: Lancet-Prevention-of-VAWG-lessons-from-practice.pdf

Guidelines and Standards for the Provision of Support to Rape Survivors in the Acute Stage of Trauma

New guidelines and standards for first responders providing immediate post-rape care, developed collectively by 33 community organisations and leading academics and published by NACOSA, with support from The Global Fund. The guidelines aim to ensure consistent standards of immediate post-rape care for survivors across the country to mitigate the impact of rape and help prevent HIV infection.

Download PDF: GuidelinesStandardsRapeSurvivors.pdf

HIV’s Persistence: AIDS Vaccine Research Publication

Publication examining what it will it take for HIV-infected individuals to be able to interrupt antiretroviral (ARV) therapy and achieve a sustained remission from the virus and highlighting the work of six prominent women scientists working in the AIDS field.

Download PDF: IR_Vol19No2_2015.pdf

Female Condom: A Powerful Tool for Protection

After more than ten years on the market and despite the clear need, the supply and adoption of female condoms is low – significantly below the levels needed to have an impact on the HIV/AIDS epidemic. More than 100 experts from 15 countries met in Baltimore, Maryland, in September 2005 at the Global Consultation on the Female Condom (GCFC) to discuss the status of the female condom worldwide and to develop a plan of action to build support for the method. This is the report from that consultation by the United Nations Population Fund and PATH. 2006

Download PDF: femalecondompowerfultoolforprotection2006.pdf